What is a developmental disability?
In general, a developmental disability includes, but is not limited to, people who have an intellectual disability, autism, cerebral palsy, severe seizure disorder or a severe head injury that occurs before the age of 22.
Under federal law, developmental disability means a severe, chronic disability of an individual that:
- Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments;
- Is manifested before the age of 22;
- Is likely to continue indefinitely;
- Results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity:
- Self care
- Receptive and expressive language
- Capacity for independent living
- Economic self-sufficiency
- Reflects the individual’s need for services, supports or other forms of assistance that are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.